Job Hazard Analysis
We have been collaborating as a team on new ideas and concepts that include the use of Job Hazard Analysis by incorporating Human Performance and general improvement of safety and health into to safety systems and safety culture development.
For further details review our following book: James Roughton and Nathan Crutchfield are the co-authors of “Job Hazard Analysis, A Guide for Voluntary Compliance and Beyond”, Butterworth Heinemann, 2008. We encourage you to participate in our Job Hazard Analysis discussion by leaving comments and/or feedback on our site.
“Safety Culture, An Innovative Leadership Approach” by James Roughton and Nathan Crutchfield was published by Elsevier in September, 2013. The Table of Contents is shown below and lists the topics we believe should be part of an overall approach to developing and sustaining a Safety Management System as well as enhance the organizational safety culture.
Our book includes:
Part 1 – Laying the Foundation The Perception of Safety Analyzing the Organizational Culture Analyzing and Using Your Network Setting the Direction for the Safety Culture
Part 2, Safety Management Systems Defined Overview of Basic Safety Management Systems Management Leadership: Demonstrating Commitment Leadership and the Effective Safety Culture Employee Involvement
Part 3, How to Handle the Perception of Risk Risk Perception - Defining How to Identify Personal Responsibility Risk Management Principles Developing an Activity-Based Safety System Developing the Job Hazard Analysis
Part 4, Tools to Enhance Your Safety Management Education and Training - Assessing Safety Training Needs Assessing Your Safety Management System Becoming a Curator for the Safety Management System– Final Words, Can You Develop a Culture that Will Sustain Itself? Videos and presentations are posted over in Safety Culture Plus.
We’ve had many discussions about organizational culture, the subset of safety culture, human performance improvement and many more concepts that might improve the work environment. As the Job Hazard Analysis is critical to the development of a strong organizational culture that embraces safety, we will continue to cover concepts learned while researching the concepts of culture and how the culture impacts how jobs get done.
A key emphasis within a safety management system is on hazard identification and risk assessment . Inspections and general good safety practice go a long way in identifying hazards and associated risk. However, to dig into the details of how loss producing conditions are created requires completion of a Job Hazard Analysis. While JHAs are considered important, finding the time to complete them can be a task in itself. How can you go about developing a portfolio of comprehensive JHA?
The answer is to weave their completion into other activities that may assist in improving not just the safety management system but other areas of the organization as well. Shift the focus of the JHA being used only as in special projects to being a portable tool that can address a number of problems, concerns or issues. Several ideas to enhance the use of JHAs include:
- Use the JHA as part of the incident investigation process. It does not have to be only injury producing incidents but any Loss Producing incident - injury, property, equipment, or other types of damage.
- Use the JHA as part of the inspection process – If hazardous conditions are present, some task or steps may be creating the condition or a gap may be present in how a job is completed. Use the JHA to hunt for where gaps may have developed.
- Identify jobs that have quality or defect issues. The quality control department may find the use of the JHA complements its efforts in reducing error rates. What is increasing the potential for a loss producing incident may also be causing quality issues. The JHA may be able to find steps and subtasks where increased potential for human errors or production problems are occurring.
- Look for jobs with high turnover, absentee rates or general problems. Use the JHA to review how those jobs are being completed to determine if the job design is creating issues that drive employees away from doing them or doing them poorly.
- When employees identify safety issues or concerns, involve the employee in the development of a JHA to work towards solving the problem.
- If a safety committee has been organized, it will need projects. A sub-committee might be used to target jobs with steps and tasks that have high potential for severe injuries.
- Always be ready to do a Job hazard Analysis. A number of web and device based apps are available that can assist in the completion.
Always be looking for opportunities where the Job Hazard Analysis can be applied.
Roughton, James; Crutchfield, Nathan; “Job Hazard Analysis, A Guide for Voluntary Compliance and Beyond”, Butterworth-Heinemann, 2008